Depression and Bipolar Disorders

woman-depressed
Depression and Bipolar are two disorders characterized by a dramatic drop of a person's mood. The persistent lack of motivation, emotional volatility and sadness that characterizes major depression can lead to financial problems, relationship issues or interfere with work. As a result depression can cause anxiety, loss of self esteem, insomnia, thoughts of suicide. If you are suffering from a mood disorder you are not alone. Nearly one in ten adults around you have reported to be suffering from some form of depression.

If you are depressed it can be serious:

For some individuals, major depression becomes a severe impairment that interferes major life activities and creates problems with relationships and work.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) a major depressive episode is defined as:

A period of two weeks or longer during which there is either depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure, and at least four other symptoms that reflect a change in functioning, such as problems with sleep, eating, energy, concentration, and self-image.

According to the National Institutes of Health in 2014, an estimated 10.2 million adults aged 18 or older in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in the past year with severe impairment.

Treatments and Therapies for Mood Disorders:

Depression and other mood disorders like Bipolar disorder are generally treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a helpful therapeutic approach for people with depression as well as anxiety disorders. It teaches a person different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to depressive thoughts. Cognitive therapy focuses on identifying and challenging and neutralizing unhelpful thoughts that fuel depression.

Meditation, Exercise, Supplements

  • Meditation can help people with depression stay engaged in life and avoid the feeling of hopelessness.
  • There is evidence that exercise not only creates feelings of accomplishment but it also makes the body produce endorphins that help combat depression.
  • Check with your doctor before exercising to taking any over the counter vitamins and supplements.

 

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